Strata Dissolutions Vancouver 

In my opinion, this is the easiest way to dissolve a strata as outlined in the Strata Property Act is the Voluntary Winding Up Without Liquidator:


[SBC 1998] CHAPTER 43


Part 16 — Cancellation of Strata Plan and Winding Up of Strata Corporation


Division 1 — Voluntary Winding Up Without Liquidator


Vote to cancel strata plan and become tenants in common

272  (1) To apply to the registrar to cancel a strata plan and become tenants in common of

(a) land shown on the strata plan,

(b) land held in the name of or on behalf of the strata corporation, but not shown on the strata plan, and

(c) personal property held by or on behalf of the strata corporation,

a resolution must be passed by an 80% vote at an annual or special general meeting.

(2) The resolution must approve all of the following:

(a) the cancellation of the strata plan;

(b) the dissolution of the strata corporation;

(c) the conversion schedule referred to in section 273;

(d) the conversion of each owner's interest, in the owner's strata lot and in the common property and common assets of the strata corporation, to an interest as a tenant in common in the shares set out in the conversion schedule in

(i) land that was shown on the strata plan immediately before it was cancelled,

(ii) land held in the name of or on behalf of the strata corporation, but not shown on the strata plan, and

(iii) personal property held by or on behalf of the strata corporation.

In November 2015, the province amended certain portions of the Strata Property Act1 that govern how strata corporations dissolve. Once in force, these amendments should make it easier for strata corporations to dissolve and to redevelop their underlying real property; however, the changes raise questions about how the new dissolution procedures will work in practice.


Strata corporations that wish to dissolve currently have three options: (1) voluntary winding up without a receiver, (2) voluntary winding up with a receiver, or (3) winding up by court order. Voluntary dissolution without a receiver is an attractive option, since it does not involve the time and expense of appointing (and paying for) a receiver or going to court. However, strata corporations should give careful consideration to the benefits of appointing a receiver, given the significant number of administrative matters that need to be addressed when dissolving as described further below.

All voluntary dissolutions under the current version of the Act, with or without a receiver, must be approved by a unanimous vote of the owners of the strata corporation. After receiving unanimous approval, the strata corporation must apply to the registrar of titles under the Land Title Act, who then oversees the dissolution. This application must be accompanied by the written consent of all holders of registered charges against the land shown on the strata plan, as well as a certificate of the strata corporation, a reference plan and such other documents as required by the registrar to resolve priorities and transfer title. If such a voluntary dissolution cannot be obtained, the only other recourse is an application to the British Columbia Supreme Court for an order to wind-up the strata corporation.

This procedure can present problems for strata corporations who wish to dissolve. If the strata's unanimous consent cannot be obtained, the only recourse available is to the Supreme Court. Jurisprudence suggests that unanimity is often very difficult to obtain, often owing to one or more recalcitrant holdouts. Deadlock will typically ensue, because the majority of the owners desiring the dissolution will often refuse to approve necessary capital expenditures to the strata property. All owners can thus suffer a precipitous decline in the value of their units if the deadlock lasts and the common property falls into disrepair.

Please contact me for an informal meeting to discuss your strata's options.  Option 1, voluntary wind up without a receiver seems to be the most favourable option if all owners of your strata agree to dissolution of the property.  A lawyer that specializes in this field and I can come to visit your strata with further information, and guide you in this process.

 After dissolution of the corporation, former owners will hold the property as tenants in common. If not carefully considered in advance, owners who are opposed to the winding-up of the strata corporation could attempt to oppose the sale of the property, because land transfer forms must be signed by all tenants in common. In practice, any prospective sale will almost certainly coincide with the application to the court for winding-up, as the proposed redevelopment plan will be needed to establish that the winding-up is in the best interests of the owners.


We anticipate that the courts will be called upon to interpret and clarify the finer points of these amendments once in force. In the meantime, strata corporations and developers may wish to consider the impact of these changes and seek advice on how the new amendments will impact their property development decisions moving forward.

© McMillan LLP 2016

In order to receive the proceeds from the sale of your strata in relation to the different sizes and square footage of the properties a conversion schedule or the interest upon destruction formula is necessary.


Conversion schedule


273  (1) The conversion schedule must meet any requirements as to form and content that are required by this Act and the regulations, and must do all of the following:


(a) state whether the strata corporation holds land in its name, or has land held on its behalf, that is not shown on the strata plan;


(b) identify land shown on the strata plan and land held in the name of or on behalf of the strata corporation, but not shown on the strata plan, by legal description sufficient to allow the registrar to identify it in the records of the land title office;


(c) list the name and postal address of each owner and registered charge holder of the land;


(d) list all registered interests in the land


(i) as they exist at the time of the resolution, and


(ii) as they will exist if the registrar grants an order and the owners become tenants in common in shares calculated according to the following formula:



(2) If there is no assessed value for the owner's strata lot or for any strata lot in the strata plan, an appraised value


(a) that has been determined by an independent appraiser, and


(b) that is approved by a resolution passed by a 3/4 vote at an annual or special general meeting


may be used in place of the assessed value for the purposes of the formula in subsection (1) (d) (ii).


(3) If a strata corporation has a schedule of interest on destruction that was required under section 4 (g) of the Condominium Act , R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 64, or a similar schedule that was required under any former Act, that schedule determines the owner's interests in the land and personal property on the winding up of the strata corporation and for that purpose replaces the formula in subsection (1) (d) (ii).

David Hutchinson



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